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Appleby History > In Focus > 31 - Sir John Moore's Benevolence 1

Chapter 31

Sir John Moore's Benevolence

Part 1- The Moores in Appleby and London

by Richard Dunmore

I have written previously about the dissipation of the principal part of Sir John Moore's fortune in the hands of the 'Kentwell Moores' (1). As I then observed, there was some confusion about the beneficiaries and terms of Sir John Moore's will. There was a disparity between the information given by Nichols (1811) and that derived from the Pedigree of Thomas Moore (1770). Was the principal beneficiary his nephew John Moore of Kentwell Hall (Moore pedigree), or Sir John's 'grand nephew', ie great nephew, John Mould (Nichols)? Nichols further muddied the waters by stating that 'to the Moores of Appleby he left nothing' (2). No doubt this reflected and perpetuated the early views of the Appleby side of the family but, as it appeared to be quite out of character, was it true?

The availability of National Archives on line now provides access to old documents; and wills in particular (3). In an attempt to resolve the contradictions I have obtained and transcribed, among others, the wills of Sir John Moore (1702) and his nephew John Moore, citizen and clothworker, Sir John's nephew and assistant in London, subsequently known as John Moore of Kentwell Hall (1714) (4). John Moore (clothworker) was executor of Sir John's will and indeed the prime beneficiary, enabling him eventually to purchase the Suffolk estate. Like Sir John, he was childless and it was he who chose John Mould, the son of his sister Sarah, to inherit Kentwell. The condition of this inheritance was that John Mould should change his name to John Moore and use the Moore arms which he duly did. However, it is necessary to examine the assets and legacies of both wills, to begin to understand the Appleby Moores' grievances.

Sir John's will shows that, far from being mean to his relatives, he was very generous not only in the intentions of his will, but in the financial support he gave during his lifetime to many members of his extended family. The 'debts forgiven', ie loans cancelled, according to the terms of the will, included £400 to his nephew Thomas Moore, lord of the manor of Appleby Parva, and £500 to Thomas's cousin George Moore. In modern values these are equivalent to about £58,000 and £73,000 respectively, each pound of 1702 being equivalent to around £146 today (5). Thomas Moore, heir to the Appleby estate, and George Moore, a yeoman farmer also in 'little Appleby', were the troublesome cousins who supervised the building of Sir John Moore's School in the 1690s (6). There was also a £5000 [£730,000 today] debt forgiven to another George Moore, younger brother of Thomas. Later living in Lambeth, he was one of the second generation of Moores working as merchants or members of the Livery Companies in London. Altogether, the debts cancelled by Sir John's will amounted to £9,900 [£1.45 million]. On top of this, the bequests amounted to £16,860 [£2.46 million]. Many of the family must have regarded Sir John's generous loans as money that was already theirs by right, thus displaying an astonishing lack of gratitude.


(Click to view)
Sir John Moore's bequests

[NB. The children of the next generation of Moores, mentioned in the text, may be found on Chart 2 below - click here to view and use Back button to return to this position.]

Details of the individual bequests to his closest relatives are shown on the chart of Sir John's collateral descendants (7). With the exception of his two nephews called John Moore (see below) and the merchant George Moore who owed £5000, the values of the monetary bequests were carefully graded: £3000 to sons of his elder brother; £2000 to sons of his younger brother, £1000 to sons of his sister and £500 to daughters of his brothers. In addition there were bequests of £500 to each of the three children of his wife's widowed sister Elizabeth Hinton of Southgate Middlesex and £200 to his sister-in-law Sarah, widow of his brother George (not shown). His women servants received £50 each and man-servants £30 each. Sir John directed that these monetary bequests were to be paid out of the executor's share of the East India stock (see below). There were also charitable bequests totalling £15 to the Parish of St Dunstan in the East to be raised 'out of the rents and profits issuing out of my dwelling house in Mincing Lane in the parish of St Dunstans in the East in London'. These were for the education of fifteen poor boys, the preaching of an annual sermon on charity and the annual distribution of relief in 'bread, coals, clothes or otherwise'.

Sir John Moore's Fortune

The main estate of Sir John - his 'fortune' - consisted of three principal assets:

1. stock or shares in the Old East India Company, valued at £28,849-1s-4d [£4.21 million today],

2. real estate (property) in London and

3. a £13,000 [£1.90 million] mortgage owing on the Lancashire property of Sir Cleave More (or Moore) of Bank Hall.

Under the terms of Sir John's will, the East India stock was to be divided between John Moore, citizen and fishmonger, son of his elder brother Charles; and John Moore, citizen and clothworker, son of his younger brother George and executor of the will (8). Each half share was therefore valued at about £14,425 [£2.1million].

The Inheritance of John Moore (fishmonger)

In 1704, within two years of Sir John's death, John Moore (fishmonger) also died, having had little time to enjoy his half of the East India Company stock. Already a widower, in his own will he left his estate to his teenage son John Moore (b.1688), with provision of £3000 for his daughter Mary (b.1684), when they respectively attained 21 years of age. Mary's bequest specifically excluded her from any further claims on the estate (4).

Because young John was only 16 years old in 1704, his father's cousin John Moore (clothworker) was appointed co-executor with him. Sadly young John Moore died in 1712, at the age of only 24 years. The value of his half share of the stock appears to have remained with John Moore (clothworker) rather than pass to Thomas Moore, squire of Appleby, who would have been the natural heir-at-law. How did this come about? My suggestion is this: before 1706, when the Kentwell Hall estate was purchased, an agreement was made for young John Moore to contribute his East India stock towards the purchase of the estate on the understanding that he would inherit it in due course. It is even conceivable that his father agreed to this before his death in 1704. It does seem likely that young John Moore was chosen by the childless John Moore (clothworker) as heir to the Kentwell estate. So when young John died, all of the East India stock had already been sold to pay for the Kentwell estate.

The Name 'John Moore'

It is apparent that there was a distinct preference for the name John Moore in the selection of heirs to Sir John Moore's fortune. Sir John himself favoured John Moore (clothworker); and John Moore (fishmonger) whose son, the presumed heir to the Kentwell estate, was also John Moore. When young John Moore died in 1712, John (clothworker) had to choose another heir and he chose John Mould, son of his sister Sarah Mould. But there was a condition - that he changed his name to John Moore which, on inheriting, he did.

The Purchase of the Kentwell Hall Estate by John Moore (clothworker)

As Sir John Moore's right-hand man for many years and principal benefactor of his will, John Moore (clothworker) took over as head of the family in London, guiding his generation's financial affairs. The accumulation of benefits from the testamentary estates of many of his London relatives shows how he successfully kept much of the inherited wealth of the family together. Moreover, it enabled him to purchase a considerable landed estate. English merchants were becoming, in the words of Dr Johnson, 'a new species of Gentleman'. That John Moore was appointed High Sheriff of the County of Suffolk in 1713 shows that he was fully accepted as a gentleman in English county society.

With the Lancashire mortgage money tied up, John Moore must have used the proceeds from the sale of East India stock to finance the purchase of the Kentwell Hall estate. With the value of the entire stock (£28,849) at his disposal, as suggested above, the purchase of the estate was possible without selling any of Sir John Moore's properties in London. It was bought in 1706 for £21,000 [£3.15 million equivalent today] (9) (10).

John Moore's Real Estate in London

The London real estate, mostly inherited from Sir John Moore with his dwelling house in Mincing Lane, is identified by John Moore of Kentwell Hall in his will of 1714 (4). The last two properties were apparently not Sir John's:

I also give and
Devise unto my Said Kinsman John Moore Son of the Said Thomas
Moore my ffreehold House and Estate att or near Cold Harbour
in London and my Leasehold House or Warehouse containing
Six Rooms and a Cellar and all other my Leasehold Estate
att or near Gally Key in Thames Street London and my Lease
-hold Houses in Racquett Court in ffleet street and all my Interest
in two Leasehold Messuages in or near Stocks Markett in London
and all my Leasehold Estate whatsoever att or near Cuckolds point
in Rotherhith in Surrey and my ffour ffreehold Houses or
Tenements Situate Standing and being in or near ffive ffoot Lane
in or near Bread Street London late Sir John Moores, And also
my Ground rent of ffour pounds per Annum in or near ffive foot
Lane aforesaid which was late Mr John Woodwards deceased
and my revertionary Estate and Interest in or near Goodmans
ffields and the artillery ground and all Deeds and Writings con-
-cerning the Said Severall last mentioned Estates and premisses

The property went to another John Moore! This John Moore (1693-1756) was the second son of Thomas Moore squire of Appleby. He may have been already in London and was appointed executor of John of Kentwell's will. He appears also to have been betrothed to his second cousin Sarah Wright, John of Kentwell's niece. Sarah benefited from the will in her own right and after their marriage c.1715 they lived at Southgate in Middlesex in a property also inherited from John Moore of Kentwell. This particular union was ultimately to contribute to the wealth built up by the Moores of Appleby in the 18th century. Their son Charles Moore (1718-1775) a barrister of the Middle Temple in London inherited the Appleby Parva manor in 1751. Further details are given in discussing the will of John of Kentwell, below.

The properties in London identified as having belonged to Sir John Moore show the extent of his investment in real estate. They were spread out, mostly between Blackfriars and the Tower of London, and rarely far from the north bank of the Thames. Downstream on the south bank, lay the most distant property at Cuckolds point in Rotherhithe.

The locations of the various properties are as follows:

Cold Harbour was a lane running south towards the river off (upper) Thames Street, west of London Bridge near (the later) Cannon Street station.

Gally Key was off (lower) Thames Street between the Custom House and the Tower of London.

Racquett Court lay north of Fleet Street, about 100 yards west of Ludgate Circus.

'Racket Court, seated betwixt Shoe lane and the Ditch side [the Fleet river or 'ditch'], a very spacious and handsome Place, with good Houses, well inhabited; the front House takes up the breadth of the Court, and is the Dwelling of Dr. Drew, a noted Physician.' [John Strype 1720, see below]

The Stocks Market was a market for fishmongers and butchers; it is now the site of the Mansion House. (The original 'stocks' were for punishment of offenders - not to be confused with the 'stock market' at the Stock Exchange.)

Cuckolds Point a dry dock in Rotherhithe, was used for building small ships from the 17th century (11).

Five Foot Lane and Bread Street were north of (upper) Thames Street, near Blackfriars.

Goodmans Fields and the artillery ground: the name Goodmans is still used for streets just north of the old Royal Mint building at the Tower of London and near Fenchurch Street station; the Honourable Artillery Company Ground (first occupied 1685) is still an open space in Finsbury, used mainly for sport and other functions.


To view the illustrations below click on the web addresses given. Click your 'back' button to return to the article.

1. The Custom House

2. Tower Street Ward

3. Lambeth Parish

The picture of The Custom House (above) showing merchant ships moored in the Thames comes from John Strype's 'A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster' of 1720 (12). There is a bustle of activity on the quayside with merchandise being off-loaded from the ships, the leading commodity, or 'staple', being unmanufactured wool. A laden cart can be seen moving away on the left. Attached to the wooden structures on the quayside were hoists or cranes for lifting the cargo. The building itself shown here is attributed to Wren. Samuel Pepys had witnessed the area around Thames Street being devastated by the Great Fire in 1666. The younger generation of Moores who moved to London had joined Sir John in the resurgent city and commercial port which had risen from the ashes (13).

The map of Tower Street Ward, from the same work, shows the locations of Mincing Lane (top left), where the house of Sir John Moore was situated and where, in the late 1690s, his nephew John (clothworker) lived with him. The Clothworker's Hall is marked off the north end of the Lane. St Dunstan in the East church where Sir John Moore worshipped and was buried is centre left.

Sir John Moore's Nephews in London

(refer to the chart of Sir John's descendants, Chart 1 above.) 
(Click here to return to Chart 1 and use Back button to return to this position)

Another of Sir John Moore's nephews, Robert Moore citizen and soapmaker, died in 1703 a year earlier than John Moore (fishmonger). The chief beneficiary and executor of Robert's will was his older brother John Moore (clothworker) (4). The even earlier death in London in 1697 of William Moore, younger brother of John (fishmonger), was 'a great loss to all and trouble to his father', Charles Moore of Appleby Parva (14). The deaths of young members of the Moore family in London around the year 1700 demonstrate the poor conditions affecting the health of people in the City, where the mercantile area was concentrated of necessity in the south-eastern quarter of the 'square mile' near the river Thames. Sailing ships with their cargoes of spices traded by members of the Grocers Company, and other goods such as wool, unloaded at the City wharfs near the Custom House as illustrated above (15). Sewage-laden river water and a smoke-polluted atmosphere fostered deadly diseases. The Great Plague of 1665 was the most notorious occurrence, but in fact disease continued to stalk a city struggling to cope with its rapidly increasing population.

The business of John (fishmonger) would be carried out at Billingsgate and the Fishmongers Hall, both by the river near London Bridge and the soapmaking premises of Robert Moore were also close to the river in Thames Street (16).

John Moore of Kentwell (clothworker) had leasehold premises at Gally Key off Thames Street which he bequeathed (together with all his other property described above) to John Moore (1693-1756) (17). The younger John's uncle, George Moore (1655-1732), who was a merchant of some wealth (financed by his uncle's loan), had his business here too and in 1686 was living at 'Porters Key by the Custom House' (18). The two quays lay on each side of the Custom House building, the 101ft wide Porters Key to the west and the 103ft Gally Key to the east. In the picture of the Custom House, the Porters Key warehouse can be seen to the left and the Gally Key warehouses to the right. The two quays are also shown on Strype's map of Tower Street Ward, on either side of the Custom House (second illustration). A number of goods and merchandises were handled near the Custom House, which had two landing areas of its own, the 202ft Custom-House Key (next to Porters Key) separated by an arched-over 'common sewer' from the 61ft Wool Dock which lay next to Gally Key. All of the quays were about 40ft broad. George Moore's description in his will as simply 'merchant' suggests that his trade was not confined to one commodity. It may be significant that the warehouse premises of John Moore (clothworker) at Gally Key were near the Wool Dock. Woven cloth may have been imported ready to be 'finished' by the clothworkers (19).

To the bottom left of the map is the Billingsgate dock (and fishmarket) off Thames Street where John (fishmonger) carried on his trade. As well as fish, fruit and vegetables and other foodstuffs were landed here (20). The Fishmongers Hall is just off the map near London Bridge. As noted above, Robert Moore also had his soapmaking premises somewhere in Thames Street. Sir John Moore's nephews therefore had premises within walking distance of each other spread out along Thames Street between Blackfriars and the Tower of London; and Mincing Lane was only a short distance to the north. The presence of so many of Sir John Moore's nephews in London making their way in commerce and trade must have been due to his influence and generosity. Many of them had capital loans from him, some of the debts that were 'forgiven' in his will mentioned above. It is ironic that several who went from Appleby to make their fortunes in London met an early death there.


The main survivor from this period was John of Kentwell (clothworker), who was living at his uncle's house in Mincing Lane during the period 1697 to 1702 at least (21), where conditions might be expected to be better. The purchase of the Kentwell estate in 1706 moved his principal residence to rural Suffolk, well away from the city.

The other survivor was George Moore (1655-1732), who at first lived at Porter's Key. One of the younger brothers of John Moore (fishmonger), he later lived south of the river, in Lambeth, a healthier environment, where he died at the age of 77 years. In the Moore Pedigree George Moore is said to be 'of London, Merchant afterwards Resident at Lambeth in Surrey...' In his will (1732) he described himself 'of Lambeth in the County of Surry Merchant'. Amazingly, Strype's map of Lambeth (see third illustration above) shows the premises of a 'Mr More' (ref. No.11). This plot may be found on the map on the riverside at the point where the river turns more sharply towards the east. It has a small slipway approximately 30 ft wide and 100 yd long alongside, leading to a 100ft dock. The site, with a panoramic view of the north shore of the river from Westminster to St Paul's, was situated where the Queen Elizabeth Hall stands today on the South Bank next to Waterloo Bridge. Just to the east was Cupers Garden (usually called Cupids Garden) a popular recreational area. The next property to the west (No.12) belonged to Sir Peter Rich who was one of the sheriffs of London and Middlesex when George's uncle, Sir John Moore, was Lord Mayor of London in 1681-82 (22). So the probability must be that 'Mr More' was indeed George Moore. Isolated by the river, Lambeth was still a rural parish with market gardens selling produce to the growing metropolis across the water. Evidence of the recreational side and the market garden activities may be seen on the map. 'Cupid Garden' (No.8) has a 'Bowling Green' and there is also a 'Sparagus Garden' (No.13) with its own small quay. Rows of cultivated crops and small divided fields may also be seen. This was the area to which George Moore moved to spend his latter days. Despite increasing smoke pollution from across the river, it must still have been a much healthier place than Porters Key. Cupids Garden was later acquired for the southern approach road to the Strand Bridge (built 1811-17, later renamed Waterloo Bridge) which gave easy access to the City and promoted the development of an (albeit short-lived) fashionable suburb.

Paying Sir John Moore's Legacies

According to the terms of Sir John Moore's will, John Moore (clothworker), as executor, was supposed to use his half share of the East India stock to pay Sir John's smaller bequests, which as we have seen totalled £16,860. The purchase of the Kentwell estate (£21,000) from the sale of the recombined whole of the East India stock (est. £28,849) meant that, although he had other funds to draw on, not all of the bequests could be paid. In his almost unassailable position in London as executor to Sir John's will, John Moore (clothworker) must have decided that the Appleby Moores, i.e. his country cousin Thomas and farmer brother George, would have to wait until the Lancashire mortgage was redeemed.

Other nephews and nieces of Sir John Moore probably did receive their bequests. Of the larger ones, Revd Charles Moore received £3000 and Robert Moore, the soapmaker, £2000. As we have seen the latter died in 1703 leaving his estate to John Moore (clothworker) but we do not know the value of the extra funds thus acquired. Curiously Robert made no provision for his own wife and infant son born five months before his death (4). When Revd Charles Moore, who was Rector of Worplesdon near Guildford in Surrey, died in 1726, he owned considerable property in that area as well as investments in Government Stock. This may suggest that he had received his bequest from Sir John's will (23). Of the other bequests, of £1000 or less, there is no evidence either way but I think that many if not all of them must have been paid.

The Will of John Moore of Kentwell (1714)

I include here more details of the will of John Moore of Kentwell on a chart of the extended family i.e. the descendants of Sir John's father, and his own grandfather, Charles Moore. The complexity of the chart, which cannot be avoided, arises from the fact that neither Sir John Moore, nor John Moore of Kentwell had children. Incidentally, such childless testators, who left legacies to named members of their wider families, are an absolute boon to genealogists.

I have indicated by the letters A. to F. the property bequests from which the smaller legacies were to be derived.

There was

A. the Lancashire property mortgage which eventually went to his cousin Thomas's son, George Moore of Appleby. Also outside London there were

B. 'messuages lands tenements and hereditaments' at Southgate in Middlesex; and another estate in Essex at Shalford Wetherfield and Wyborrow.

In London there were

C. Sir John Moore's former London properties, mainly commercial property by the river, discussed above, as well as

D. a 'leasehold estate in or near Great Suffolk Street, little Suffolk Street, Hedge Lane and Haymarket in or near St James within the liberty of Westminster'.

His personal domestic properties were

E. the country estate at Kentwell Hall and

F. his late uncle's house in Mincing Lane in the City itself.

We can see from this that John Moore had added to the real estate inherited from his uncle with land in Essex and sites for property development in Westminster. (Great) Suffolk Street, Little Suffolk Street (near the present Suffolk Place), Hedge Lane (now Whitcomb Street) and Haymarket, lie north of Pall Mall. John Strype (see above), described Suffolk Street in 1720 as 'a very good Street, with handsome Houses, well inhabited and resorted unto by Lodgers'. John and Thomas Moore, sons of Revd Charles Moore who inherited this estate, were granted building leases on sites in the Haymarket, Suffolk Street, Whitcomb Street and on the north side of Cockspur Street in the 1720s, clearly making the most of a valuable inheritance (24).

As we have seen, the Kentwell property went to John Mould, son of his sister Sarah, and many smaller bequests went to the next generation, children of his first cousins. Apart from John Mould, two principal beneficiaries were the betrothed couple John Moore and Sarah Wright. John Moore, who was also appointed executor of the will, had £3000 from the Westminster estate and Sarah £2000; Sarah also inherited the Mincing Lane property and most of its contents; and John the estates at Southgate and in Essex as well as all Sir John's former commercial property. John and Sarah married soon after coming into their inheritance and settled at Southgate, a desirable area at the western edge of Edmonton parish and close to London. It has been reported that Sir John Moore was living in Southgate c.1674, so it seems possible that he owned property which passed to John Moore of Kentwell during Sir John's lifetime (25). There was another family connection with the area in that Sir John Moore's sister-in-law, the widowed Elizabeth Hinton, whose children were beneficiaries of his will, also lived in Southgate (26).

(Click for larger view)
Kentwell bequests

The Lancashire Mortgage Debt

The bequests to the Moores of Appleby were dependent on realising the capital tied up in the Lancashire mortgage, as is clear from the will. He left (I paraphrase):

all the Lancashire property late of Sir Cleave Moore Baronet which are in Mortgage to me or were in Mortgage to Sir John Moore Knt late Alderman of the City of London Deceased

unto my Kinsman George Moore of little Appleby Eldest Son of the Said Thomas Moore ...

provided that George Moore pays the sum of £6500 to the persons named:

unto my Brother Mr George Moore of Little Appleby the sum of £2000 ...

and to Thomas Moore Son of the Said Thomas Moore the Elder of little Appleby £2000

and to the [five surviving] Daughters of the Said Thomas Moore £2500 equally divided between them

George Moore was also to pay the lawyer's debt and interest charges on the mortgaged premises

and to Mrs Matilda Moore Sister of the Said Sir Cleave Moore her Debt of £500 with interest.

The value of John of Kentwell's bequests to the Appleby Moores, viz. £2000 each to George Moore and Thomas son of Thomas Moore, and generous provision for Thomas senior's five surviving daughters points to a belated fulfilment of Sir John Moore's original bequests to his Appleby nephews. Sir John Moore himself had not specified that they be paid from the Lancashire debt, but John Moore of Kentwell as his executor made that interpretation. The money had still not been retrieved by the time the latter himself died in 1714 and in his own will he was carefully imposing the same condition. Because Sir Cleave More was distinctly uncooperative, the Moores of Appleby were made to wait (until 1725 as it turned out) and were naturally aggrieved. That of course gave rise to the belief that they had received nothing from Sir John Moore's will.

In Part 2, I shall take a close look at the Lancashire Mores, solve the mystery of their connection with the Appleby Moores and show how the mortgage debt was eventually resolved.

Notes and References

1. R Dunmore, Appleby's History In Focus 16, The Moores of Kentwell Hall, Appleby Magna Web-site, Nov. 2002

2. J Nichols, History & Antiquities of Leicestershire,IV, 2, p 440: ‘To the Moores of Appleby sir John left nothing; nor had he either the manor or any lands there, except the school estate, which he had purchased. His father possessed the manor, but gave it to his eldest son.’

3. National Archives www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline/

4. Wills: Sir John Moore (knight & alderman) 1702, PROB 11-465; Robert Moore (citizen & soapmaker) 1703, PROB 11- 470; John Moore (citizen & fishmonger) 1704, PROB 11-476; John Moore of Kentwell (citizen & clothworker) 1714, PROB 11-538; Thomas Moore of Appleby 1725, PROB 11-604; Charles Moore clerk of Worplesdon 1726, PROB 11-611; George Moore of Lambeth (merchant) 1732, PROB 11-653; George Moore of Appleby 1751, PROB 11-789

5. Money Values: www.measuringworth.com/calculators/ppoweruk

6. R Dunmore, This Noble Foundation, A History of the Sir John Moore School, Sir John Moore Foundation, 1992

7. Sir John's descendants are said to be 'collateral' rather than 'direct' because, unlike his brothers, he had no children and therefore no direct line.

8. The appellation 'citizen and ...' refers to membership of their respective Livery Companies in the City of London.

9. A rather complicated clause was inserted in Sir John's will to protect John (clothworker) against a fall in value of the stock below 80% of the estimated value. Any loss below that level was to be deducted pro rata from the smaller legacies themselves. So he would have had to find the difference between the value of the legacies (£16,680) and the estimated value of the half stock (£14,425) as expected, together with a loss of up to 20% in value (£2885), ie a total of £5140 at most.

10. Ursula W Brighouse, Great Grandama used to say ..., 1990, p.5: 'John, son of Sir John's brother George, bought Kentwell Hall in Long Melford, Suffolk, in 1706 for £21,000'. I am indebted to Mrs Brighouse for her informative booklet; her husband was descended from the Kentwell Moores.

11. Cuckolds Point, Rotherhithe:
"Rotherhithe Street ... Nelson Dock ... was used for shipbuilding from the 17th Century and is not thought to be named after the famous admiral but possibly another Nelson. Warships and clippers were built here along with many other ships until the dock closed in 1968."

12. John Strype, Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, The area around the Custom House is described in Book 2, Chapter 3, p51-52, Tower Street ward; see:

13. Arthur Bryant, Samuel Pepys, The Man in the Making, 1933, reprint 1952, p.305: '... a great fire blazing between Thames Street and the river, where a huddled infinity of timber-built, pitch-coated little houses and warehouses of oil, tallow and spirits provided fuel enough in that dry, windy weather to light all London.' By the time the Moore nephews were in London, rebuilding in brick and stone had transformed the city.

14. Leics RO, Appleby Grammar School - Moore Correspondence 1686-1726, DE 1642/22, Thomas Moore to Sir John Moore, 2 Nov. 1697

15. The word 'Grocer' derives from 'gross' to describe the wholesale trade in spices & other exotics. John Moore (clothworker) in his will left extensive premises including warehousing in Gally Key (quay), alongside the Custom House. Clothworkers were originally involved in promoting the craft of cloth-finishing, but his location here in Gally Key might suggest involvement in trading the finished cloth. The original Custom House was built in 1382 on the site of the 'Wool Wharf', see: http://thames.me.uk/s00048.htm

16. The Fishmongers' Hall, relevant to John (fishmonger), was (and is) by London Bridge see:
www.fellwalk.co.uk/fishmongers.htm John Moore of Kentwell's will describes Robert Moore as being of Thames Street London, Soap boiler.

17. 'Gally' is said to derive from the Galleys (ships) bringing wine and other merchandise from Genoa, see:www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=63136

18. Leics RO, DE1642/1 letter, 2 Nov 1686, from his parents to George Moore 'at Porters Key by the Custom House'.

19. 'Finishing' woven cloth consisted of fulling, drying under tension, raising and shearing off the nap and finally planing or flattening the fabric - see:

20. Strype op cit, Book 2 ch.10 p165 '... Billinsgate, whereof the whole Ward taketh name ... is at this present a large Water Gate, Port or Harbrough for Ships and Boats, commonly arriving there with Fish, both fresh and salt, Shell-fishes, Salt, Oranges, Onions, and other Fruits and Roots; Wheat, Rye, and Grain of divers sorts for service of the Citie, and the Parts of this Realm adjoining.'

21. Leics RO, Appleby Grammar School - Moore Correspondence 1686-1726, DE 1642/ 23, 24, 29, 32, 35, 38, 40, 42, 49, 55 & 58 (letters to John Moore at Sir John Moore's, in Mincing Lane, 1697-1702)

22. Narcissus Luttrell, A Brief Historical Relation of State Affairs 1678-1714, 1, OUP 1857, Sept 1682, Sir Peter Rich sworn in as sheriff.

23. Revd Charles Moore rector of Worplesdon near Guildford in Surrey held considerable property which he likely purchased using the £3000 of his uncle's legacy. [I have found no evidence of any other bequests except a small legacy of £20 in his early childhood from the will of his grandfather Charles Moore (1654); there may also have been dowry money from his wife, who predeceased him, but this is not known.] At his death, he owned three farms with their 'land, tenancies and hereditaments' evident from his will of 1726. These were at: Frog Row (now Frog Grove) near Worplesdon itself; Castle House at Horsell, just north of Woking; and a nearby farm at Durnford Bridge east of Horsell Common. A trust was established for the education of the children of his youngest son with £500 derived from the real estate and £500 from his 'personal estate'. This took the form of Government Stock which he also used to provide education for poor children in Worplesdon (VCH Surrey 3, 1911, 390-95).

24. G H Gater & F R Hiorns (ed) Survey of London Vol.20, 1940, pp 89-94 Suffolk Street and Suffolk Place:

'...John and Thomas Moore who were granting building leases of sites in the Haymarket, Suffolk Street, Whitcomb Street and on the north side of Cockspur Street in the 1720s. Thomas Moore subsequently mortgaged the property to Harry Spencer of London, Merchant, who later re-mortgaged it to Sir Joseph Hankey. The lease appears, however, to have been redeemed, for in 1819 when it expired it was in the possession of George Moore.' John and Thomas Moore and their younger brother Henry all had male heirs and it is not clear where this George Moore fits in the family. The reference is on line at:

25. VCH Middlesex 5, Edmonton; search for Moore:

26. Elizabeth was the widow of Benjamin Hinton, citizen and goldsmith, who was bankrupted in July 1683 after unwisely advancing large sums of money to the builders of Monmouth House in Soho Square, which was being built for the Duke of Monmouth. The leader of the unsuccessful uprising against James II was executed in July 1685 and his debts were never paid. Sir John had clearly come to the widow's aid: in his will he wrote 'whereas my cousin Elizabeth Hinton may be instituted to her dower in an Estate late Benjamin Hintons her late husbands at Southgate in the parish of Edmonton in the county of Midlesex to whom already I have been kind in giving severall considerable Sumes of money to her and her children ...'

see: F. H. W. Sheppard (ed) Survey of London: volumes 33 and 34: St Anne Soho, 1966, pp. 107-113 Soho Square, Monmouth House; on line at:

Text and Charts ©Richard Dunmore, November 2008

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